Study of Drivers of Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Ethiopia

In the last two decades, various studies estimate that land use change, including deforestation and forest degradation, accounts for 17-29% of global greenhouse gas emissions. The REDD+ programme (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation) aims to cut down on these emissions by implementing national monitoring systems. Main elements consist of measurement, reporting and verification (MRV), where FINNMAP offers top quality Remote Sensing and GIS expertise.

Ethiopia, the second most populous country in Africa, has been hit by famine a number of times due to rain shortage and a depletion of natural resources. The country was once forested and filled with wildlife but rapid population expansion has caused pressure on land, transforming natural fertile land to over-exploited farm land. Increasing demand for firewood has triggered accelerated deforestation. The country has lost 98% of its forested regions within the past 50 years. Land administration is in desperate need of improvement.

The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia has recognized this need for action and the importance of a carefully planned REDD+ strategy. As a result it has selected FINNMAP in consortium with Arbonaut to implement a study of causes of deforestation and forest degradation in Ethiopia. The results of this analysis will then allow to identify and prioritize the strategic options to address the found causes.

Within these activities, the team will:

  • Support the REDD+ National Coordination in fulfilling its mandate, including close coordination with various ongoing initiatives that can contribute to the goal of REDD+ Readiness
  • Support the implementation of the Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP) as validated by the FCPF Participants Committee
  • Support the formulation of the National REDD+ Strategy, the preparation of the Strategic Environmental and Social Assessment (SESA) and any other supplementary safeguards documents
  • Advise, strengthen the capacity, and build awareness of stakeholders in Ethiopia involved in REDD+